Ang Pilipinas ang isa sa mga bansang may mataas na bilang ng populasyon. Sa nakalipas na taong 2014, lumampas sa 100 milyon ang bilang ng mga Pilipino. Kaya naman, hindi katakataka na naisabatas na sa wakas ang kontrobersyal na Reproductive Health Law na naglalayong kontrolin ang patuloy na pagtaas ng bilang ng populasyon sa bansa. Isa sa mga mabubuting nilalaman ng mahalagang batas na ito ay ang pagtatalakay ng Family Planning sa mga Pilipino, lalo na sa mga naghihirap at patuloy na lumalaking pamilya.
Ang Family Planning ay tumutukoy sa pagdedesisyon ng mag-asawa sa pagbuo ng kanilang pamilya. Dito’y maaaring pagplanuhan nila ang bilang ng kanilang magiging anak, pati na ang agwat sa pagitan ng kanilang magiging mga anak. Siyempre, malaki ang papel ng paggamit ng iba’t ibang pamamaraan upang mapigilan ang pagbubuntis (contraception) upang maisakatuparan ito.
Benepisyo ng Family Planning at Kontrasepsyon
Ang mabuting pagpaplano ng pamilya ay makatutulong hindi lamang sa ikabubuti ng kalagayan ng kababaihan kundi pati na rin sa pag-unlad ng kanyang pamilya. Kaya’t mahalaga na mabigyan ang mga magkapareha ng nararapat at ligtas na paraan ng kontrasepsyon. Narito ang mga benepisyong hatid ng mahusay at epektibong pagpaplano sa mga pamilya:
Mas mababang panganib sa kalusugan sa pagbubuntis ng mga kababaihan
Direktang makaaapekto sa kalusugan ng isang babae kung magkakaroon siya ng pagkakataon na pumili at magdesisyon kung kailan siya mabubuntis. Maiiwasan ang ‘di inaasahang pagbubuntis pati na ang padalos-dalos na desisyon ng delikadong pagpapalaglag ng bata.
Ayon pa sa pag-aaral, ang pagkakaroon ng higit sa 4 na anak ay maaaring mangahulugan ng mas mataas na panganib sa kalusugan ng nagbubuntis na ina.
Mas mababang kamatayan ng mga sanggol
Sa Pilipinas, isa sa sampung pangunahing dahilan ng pagkamatay ay sa mga bagong silang na sanggol. Ang ganitong problema ay maaaring masolusyonan sa pamamagitan ng mahusay na pagpapalano sa pamilya. Ang paglalagay ng sapat na panahon sa pagitan ng pagbuo ng bawat anak ay makatutulong nang malaki sa pag-iwas sa kamatayan ng mga sanggol.
Pag-iwas sa pagkalat ng HIV/AIDS
Ang paggamit ng proteksyon sa pakikipagtalik ay malaking hakbang upang maiwasan ang pagkalat ng nakahahawang sakit na HIV/AIDS. Sa tulong nito, mas mapapababa ang bilang ng mga sanggol na ulila sa magulang at mga sanggol na apektado ng sakit.
Pagbaba ng bilang ng maagang pagbubuntis
Ang mga kabataan ay likas na mapusok at handang subukan ang lahat ng bagay sa mundo maging ang pakikipagtalik. Bunga nito, nagkakaroon ng “teenage pregnancies” na hindi mabuti para sa kalusugan ng bata. Ang mga sanggol na isinilang ng mga batang ina ay kadalsang may mas mababang timbang at may mas mataas na panganib ng pagkamatay sa kapanganakan. Bukod pa rito, maaaring kailanganing ipagpaliban din ang pag-aaral ng batang ina, at maapektohan pa ang kalagayan niya sa lipunan.
Pagbagal ng paglago ng populasyon
Ang bilang ng populasyon ay nakaaapekto sa ekonomiya, kapaligiran, ang pangkabuuang pag-unlad ng isang bansa. At ang susi upang makontrol ang paglago ng populasyon ng isang bansa ay ang pagpapatupad ng mahusay na pagpaplano sa pagbuo ng mga pamilya.
Family Planning for Climate Change Adaptation
...generation will be involved in agriculture based livelihood which is highly climate sensitive. Given the generational time-lag in realization of climate change impacts, there is much room for demand side management for the services that has to be supplied. It is all about planning for the future number of multipurpose cyclone shelters needed, climate proof infrastructure, alternative livelihood, land zoning, migration and relocation. One planning commission report does talk about relocation and construction, rather than verbs of “assess” and “develop” used in most adaptation strategies. The report points out to the lack of quantitative analysis based on disagreed and longitudinal database, and how this is obstructing clear assessment of adaptation needs. 2 On the list of priorities, development of such databases should be ranked high in order to address future demand scenarios of essential public goods and services; the supply of which is already stressed due to high population and will be further stressed with the onset of climate change impacts. 1 Government of Bangladesh [GoB] (2008). Changing the Way We Develop: Dealing with Disasters and Climate Change in Bangladesh. Climate Change Cell, CDMP: Dhaka. 2 Planning Commission GoB & UNDP Bangladesh (2009). Policy study on the probably impacts on Poverty & Economic Growth and the Options of Coping with Adverse Effects of Climate Change. ...
Words: 512 - Pages: 3
...CHAPTER 5. FAMILY PLANNING This chapter presents results from the 2007 RMIDHS regarding aspects of contraceptive use, knowledge, attitudes, and behavior. Although the focus is on women, some results from the male survey are discussed, since men play an important role in the realization of reproduction goals. Data on inter-spousal communication and husbands’ knowledge about their wives’ contraceptive use are also presented. The results presented in this chapter include contraceptive prevalence and unmet need for contraception, which have important implications for program managers to assess to what extent family planning services are reaching users and how effectively the methods are being adopted. One of the important indicators resulting from the survey is the percentage of married women aged 15–49 who are currently using any method of contraception. It is important to note that the study of contraception prevalence in the country is vital because contraception plays an important role in determining fertility levels and trends. 5.1. KNOWLEDGE OF CONTRACEPTIVE METHODS One major objective of the 2007 RMIDHS was to assess the level of knowledge of contraceptive methods among Marshallese women and men. Individuals who have adequate information about available methods of contraception are better able to develop a rational approach to planning their family. Information on knowledge of contraception was collected in the survey by asking female and male respondents to...
Words: 5876 - Pages: 24
...Family planning according to WHO allows people to attain their desired number of children and determine the spacing of pregnancies. It is achieved through use of contraceptive methods and the treatment of infertility Family planning according to Taber’s Edition 20 (F.A DAVIS), is the spacing of conception of children according to the wishes of the parents rather than to chance. It is accomplished by practicing some form of birth control. Benefits of family planning Promotion of family planning and ensuring access to preferred contraceptive methods for women and couples is essential to securing the well-being and autonomy of women, while supporting the health and development of communities. These benefits include: Preventing pregnancy-related health risks in women A woman’s ability to choose if and when to become pregnant has a direct impact on her health and well-being. Family planning allows spacing of pregnancies and can delay pregnancies in young women at increased risk of health problems and death from early childbearing, and can prevent pregnancies among older women who also face increased risks. Family planning enables women who wish to limit the size of their families to do so. Evidence suggests that women who have more than four children are at increased risk of maternal mortality. By reducing rates of unintended pregnancies, family planning also reduces the need for unsafe abortion. Reducing infant mortality Family planning can prevent closely spaced and......
Words: 1313 - Pages: 6
Artificial Family Planning
...ARTIFICIAL FAMILY PLANNING • Condom (96% effective). A condom is a plastic balloon-like material that is worn over the male organ to prevent the sperm from entering the vaginal canal. Aside from birth control, condoms have the advantage of preventing AIDS and other sexually-transmitted diseases. There is a female version of the condom called diaphragm. • Contraceptive pills (97% effective). The pill works by preventing the brain from secreting hormones (called FSH and LH) responsible for the production of the female egg. There are older and newer generations of contraceptive pills. The newer pills have fewer side effects and use substantially lower amounts of estrogen and progesterone. Minor side effects include nausea, breast tenderness, mood changes, fluid retention, and weight gain. However, there are certain women who should probably stay away from contraceptive pills, such as those with a history of smoking, high blood pressure, blood clots, breast cysts and masses, and uterine abnormalities. These women should get a clearance first from their doctors. • Injectable shots (97% effective). Medroxyprogesterone (brand name: Depo-Provera) is an injectable birth control hormone that can prevent pregnancy for up to three months. Possible side effects include loss of menses (which isn’t necessarily harmful), weight gain, and bone loss. Injectables are convenient and effective, and thus are preferred by some women. • IUD or intra-uterine device (97% effective). These......
Words: 504 - Pages: 3
...century. Islam had some adherents as far north as Manila by the time the Spanish arrived. After 1571, when Spanish forces defeated the Muslim ruler of Manila, Muslims were largely confined to the south. Spanish colonial authority depended on locally based Catholic religious orders to help maintain political control, and this interdependency made the church a powerful institution in the islands. Although there is an official separation of church and state in the Philippines, the Roman Catholic Church continues to have an influential role in political life. Language More than 80 indigenous languages and dialects are spoken in the Philippines. These languages and dialects belong to the Malayo-Polynesian group of the Austronesian language family. The most widely spoken are Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon, Bicol, Waray-Waray, Pampangan, Pangasinan, and Maranao. English and Filipino (formerly spelled Pilipino) are the official languages. Filipino is largely based on Tagalog, with many words adopted from other languages, including English and Spanish. It was made the national language in 1987 in an attempt to address the fact that no two of the indigenous languages are mutually comprehensible. Filipino is a required subject in schools, but English is more commonly used in higher education. English is also commonly used in government and commerce. Some Filipinos are trilingual, speaking an indigenous language, Filipino, and English. Many Filipinos continue to primarily......
Words: 10682 - Pages: 43
...Family Functioning Factors1 Sections A through F Family Identifying Information: Name 1 DOB Relationship Children’s Bureau of Southern California. (1997). Family Assessment Form. California: Authors. Reprinted with permission from Sandy Sladen, LCSW. Family Assessment Form Family Functioning Factors SECTION A: LIVING CONDITIONS* A1. Cleanliness/Orderliness - Outside Environmental Conditions Refers to environmental health and hygiene factors (e.g. litter, garbage, vermin, clutter, odors around the exterior of the home) that are NOT WITHIN the family's control. Need to consider intervening with owner/landlord, county health department, city code enforcement, and/or other regulatory agencies. Score 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 STRENGTHS: 3.5 4 CONCERNS: 4.5 5 Operational Definition Consistently clean and orderly; property very well maintained by owner/landlord and other tenants if a rental Generally clean and orderly; no health hazards; property well maintained by owner/landlord and other tenants if a rental Some lack of cleanliness; some disorderliness or clutter; other tenants or neighbors create messiness; slow response to problems by owner/landlord; occasional roach problem Inadequately clean or organized; potential health hazards present; a great deal of clutter or litter/garbage; or offensive odors; consistent roach problem; property poorly maintained by owner/landlord and other tenants; very difficult to reach or get response from owner/landlord Health hazards and......
Words: 8314 - Pages: 34
...In a few years, the large family will be considered a thing of the past; today it is no longer a status symbol. A large family is different from a joint family of a few decades ago. A large family may consist of the father, the mother and four or more children. A small family which, because of population increase and food shortage, is considered ideal today may consist of the parents and two children. There are advantages and disadvantages of being member of a large family. Growing up in a large family may develop in one discipline and a feeling for the others - qualities that are desirable for good citizenship. Food and other consumer items will not be sufficient and the members will learn to share things fairly and forego little things that may not be indispensable. Everyone in the family will have his share of domestic chores to do and what he does and the problems of his parents, often train for life; when he too will set up his own home. Thus the children in a large family are likely to grow up as responsible adults conscious of the needs and desires of others. A large family will be a lively family and life at home will never be dull. There will he many to talk to and discuss with. A problem that is brought by one will be shared by all others. When one is in distress, one can be assured of warmth and affection. Every member is a distinct individual and hence the views of the different members on a subject under discussion will be different. What an opportunity to......
Words: 522 - Pages: 3
...Family Name Institution Introduction In all societies, family is the primary institution where there are adult intimate relationships, socialization of children, economic support, and collaboration. Sociologists study family. They have assessing role for predicting family-based social patterns, describing and explaining families. It is an important unit in society and has an essential role in fulfilling the physical and emotional needs of individuals. Problem Statement The family is a vital and natural part of the fundamentals of a healthy society. There are two important structures of the family, nuclear family that is made up of mother, father and children and extended family which consists of a nuclear family, grandparents, uncles, aunts, etc. This study discusses the role of the family in the society. Discussion One of the important roles is to demonstrate the much-needed love between wife and husband. This relationship is to perfect Jesus Christ’s way of love by loving, nourishing and cherishing each other as the best treasurable thing in their lives (Erik and Elena, 2012). If we apply this principle then the society would drastically change for the better providing people happiness as each generation shadows in the ways of the previous one. In addition, the family has a role or function of adding new family members either through adoption or procreation. Children born expand families and strengthen and renew the society. It continues the family line.......
Words: 649 - Pages: 3
Implementation of Reproductive Health Law: Awareness on Family Planning Practice and Strategies of Improving Health
...Methods of Research – DRAFT Research Title: IMPLEMENTATION OF REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH LAW: AWARENESS ON FAMILY PLANNING PRACTICE AND STRATEGIES OF IMPROVING HEALTH AMONG SELECTED COUPLES OF BARANGAY BANAOANG, STA. BARBARA Genaro C. Reyes III, RN 2014 Chapter I INTRODUCTION Rationale The earth does not contain enough resources to indefinitely sustain the current enormous population growth. For instance, there is a limited area of arable land and living space. China, home to 1.2 billion people or 1/5 the world's population, is an excellent example of the kinds of problems that arise in an increasingly crowded society (Hanson,ND). The Philippines is having a large population that results to low quality of life of women and children, health and family welfare. Population is admittedly one of the many causes of poverty since the government had difficulty in addressing the needs of its people. In addition to, the Philippines is the 39th most densely populated country, with a density over 335 per squared kilometer, and the population growth rate is 1.9% (2010 Census), 1.957% (2010 est. by CIA World Factbook), or 1.85% (2005–2010 high variant estimate by the UN Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision) coming from 3.1 in 1960. The 2013 total fertility rate (TFR) is 3.20 births per woman, from a TFR of 7 in 1960. In addition, the total fertility rate for the richest quintile of the population is 2.0, which is about one third......
Words: 3514 - Pages: 15
Babbitt Ranches: Governance and Strategic Planning in Family Business
...analyzes of the ethics within the family business as it relates to their corporate strategy. It was the challenge of President Bill Comdisco to lead the organization in new business opportunities that were inclusive of the companies long standing values. Mr. Cordasco recognized that the future of the organization was contingent upon meeting the needs of the multigenerational stakeholders. The article highlights several challenges that Babbitt Ranch experience in an attempt to align the organization's objectives with the organizational strategy through team decisions. Points of Agreement In 1988, the company was forced to debt finance stock buy from some of the third generation owners seeking liquation of their share of the business. The buyback creates debt for the organization, ultimately forcing the company to sell off most of the retail business in assets. I believe that this was a difficult decision for the stakeholders; yet I agree that it was the only acceptable alternative. Without the stock but out of some of the 3rd generation family stockholders the families ability to make future team decisions would be inhabited by continued gridlock or various needs. Realigning the organizational and stakeholder goals at this time was crucial for the future sustainment of the business. This was the opportune time for Mr. Cordasco to lead the organization returning to the founding focus of ranching and stewardship. It was the ethical values of the family related to the......
Words: 1210 - Pages: 5
Family Owned Estate Planning
...Family Owned Business Estate Planning In this case study, as John’s financial advisor, I have been tasked with reducing, or eliminating the potential estate tax burden of John’s estate. Additionally, I am tasked with maximizing the amount of wealth transferred to John’s heirs. John, age 61, is married to Jane, age 60. He owns Victory Company, a family business professionally valued at $5.6 million. He and Jane have three children and seven grandchildren. One son, Paul, manages Victory Company and will someday own it. John's overall wealth is about $15 million. This includes the $5.6 million value of Victory Company, which nets $1.5 million before tax and after paying John a $300,000 salary plus liberal fringe benefits. After taxes, John earns about $400,000 to $600,000 more per year than he and Jane spend. The balance of John's wealth includes two homes (a main residence and a vacation home) worth a combined $2.7 million; $1.7 million in his 401(k) plan; cash assets and a stock and bond portfolio totaling $1.8 million; $2.9 million in income-producing real estate; and $300,000 in sundry assets. There also is $6.2 million in insurance on John's life that is now owned by an irrevocable life insurance trust (ILIT). This insurance includes a $1.2 million whole life policy and $5 million in 10-year term insurance with six years remaining in the term. Business This first thing I need to get a handle on is John’s company. The $5.6 million value of Victory Company represents......
Words: 2392 - Pages: 10
...Many of today’s families are constantly on the go. Therefore, finding time for family style meals that are also healthy can be a difficult task. To assure that families, especially children, eat healthy there are some very simple steps that parents can take. Studies have shown that taking these steps to promote healthful eating habits in children can have long lasting benefits. “Some past studies have suggested that when parents and children regularly connect over dinner, children are less likely to take up habits like smoking and drinking”. (Norton, 2007). To help busy families eat healthier, it is up to parents to lead the way. “Sometimes, this requires parents to act as a united front. This means that one parent cannot offer vegetables as a snack and the other parent makes regular trips to the ice cream store. By doing these, the children will often receive mixed messages and will likely make decisions on their own”. (Lair, 2000). Often times the decision they make may not be the best for their health. Therefore, parents who are good role models with their eating habits have a much easier time convincing their children to eat better. If parents are eating vital, wholesome foods like whole grains, beans, fresh vegetables and fruit, and healthy animal products children will be more likely to follow suit. (Lair, 2000). Children who are introduced to healthy eating habits at an early age have a better chance of eating right when they are adults....
Words: 432 - Pages: 2
...FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAM Introduction: In 2003, there is about 84 million population expected to grow annually at 2.36 percent. With this rate, the population is expected to double in 29 years. The 2003 total fertility rate in the country remains at 3.5 children per woman, much higher than the desired fertility rate of 2.5 children per woman. The contraceptive prevalence rate has increased gradually from 15.4 (1996) to 48.9% (NDHS, 2003) in 35 years. There are about 3 to 4 million women getting pregnant every year. In developing countries, about 85% of all pregnancies are expected to progress full term. The National Demographic and Health Survey of 2003 revealed that about 44% of women got pregnant with their first child at ages 20-24 and 6.1% at ages 15-19. The FP unmet needs had declined from 26.2% in 1993 to 17.3 in 2003 with a physiologic process, the health sector aims to make pregnancy for the women and gestation for the fetus as safe and medically uneventful as far as possible. The high fertility rate coincides with the low contraceptive prevalence rate of 47.3% among all Filipino women of reproductive age (15-49 yrs old) and 70.6% among married women. The highest percentage of using contraceptives belongs to the 35-39 age group and the 15-19 years old have the lowest percentage of ever using any contraceptive method. Among currently married women in 2003, it was found that 48.8% use any form of contra captive method and 51.1 do not use any form of......
Words: 1064 - Pages: 5
...ikumpara ang iyong study habits noon at ngayon. Respondente: Well, nothing really has changed. Just the same. Respondente: Ivane Aquino – Red Cross Mananaliksik: ikaw ba ay may naibagsak na pagsusulit dahil hindi ka nakapaghanda? Respondente: hindi pa naman ako bumabagsk sa isang pagsususlit Mananaliksik: ano ang iyong pananaw sa pagkakaroon ng student organizations sa kolehiyo? bakit ka sumali? Respondente: masaya ang may ibang ginagawa, para hindi puro aral..at tsaka may oportunidad para mapaganda o ma-practice ang skills o kaalaman.. Mananaliksik: ano ang mga factors na pwedeng makaimpluwensya sa pagsali mo sa student organizations? Respondente: registration fee, grades, motivational factors, friends, benefits, time management, family, self evaluation, activities sa org Mananaliksik: ano ang pinakagusto mong bahagi ng iyong organisasyon? Respondente: na pwede kang maging non active pero pwede pa ring sumali sa mga activites.. Mananaliksik: may napapansin ka bang mga pagbabago sa iyo mismo at sa pag – aaral mo nang nagsimula kang sumali? Respondente: wala Mananaliksik: sa pag – aaral, may mga positibo at negatibong epekto ba ito? Ano ang iyong reaksyon? Respondente: masasabi ko na wala itong masama o positibong naidulot dahil hindi ako aktibo Mananaliksik: ano ang iyong mga paraan upang mapagsabay ang ekstra – kurikular na gawain sa pag – aaral? Respondente: kung ano ang pakiramdam kong ninanais kong gawin yun ang uunahin ko, basta may sapat na oras,......
Words: 9859 - Pages: 40
...Every individual as a human being is, voluntarily or involuntarily, a part of an organization, family and society. By default each human being is social animal and is expected to behave in certain manner within each of these. Also he/she has expectations from other people who are also a part in all of these. For every aspect a human being has a different behavior and a different set of expectations depending on whom is he/she dealing with. Our behavior towards and expectations from our boss will be very different from that of our parents. ORGANIZATION THE COMPANY WHAT IS EXPECTED FROM ME * To be Professional * Be committed to your work and the organization- If working, then one should be committed to his/her work and the organization with whom you are working with. You should not take your work casually. * To be honest- the more honest one is, the more trustworthy you become. * Regular: Treat the organization as your own be regular with the work. An Irregular employee not only ruins his reputation but also hampers the smooth working of the organization. It makes him unreliable. * Value Resources- Value resources of time and money spent by the organisation one works. Value them and respect them. The company allocates and provides resources for the employees progress and development and to provide a better work environment. To misuse the resources is unethical on the employee’s part. * Constant Learner- I will continue the development of myself as a...
Words: 2336 - Pages: 10